The purpose of this document is to assist those who may be less familiar with git in submitting patches upstream. While git is powerful, it can be somewhat confusing to those who don’t use it regularly (and even those who do).
We prefer more in-depth commit messages than those given below which are purely for brevity in this guide. See http://tbaggery.com/2008/04/19/a-note-about-git-commit-messages.html for more about creating proper git commit messages.
Once you have forked the upstream repository, you should clone a local copy (where <YOUR USERNAME> is your github username).
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:<YOUR USERNAME>/bcfg2.git
Create a local feature/bugfix branch off the appropriate upstream branch. For example, let’s say we want to submit a bugfix for bcfg2-info against the 1.2.x series. We can create a fix-bcfg2-info branch which is a copy of the maint-1.2 branch.
git branch fix-bcfg2-info maint-1.2 git checkout fix-bcfg2-info
Next make whatever changes need to be made and commit them to the fix-bcfg2-info branch.
git add src/sbin/bcfg2-info git commit -m "Fix bcfg2-info bug"
Now you need to push your fix-bcfg2-info branch to github.
git push origin fix-bcfg2-info
Next, submit a pull request against the proper branch (in this case, https://github.com/username/bcfg2/pull/new/fix-bcfg2-info – again, username is your github username). At the top of the pull request, you can edit the upstream branch you are targetting so that you create the pull request against the proper upstream branch (in this case, maint-1.2).
All that’s left to do is to write up a description of your pull request and click Send pull request. Since your local branch is specific to this fix, you can add additional commits if needed and push them. They will automatically be added to the pull request.
Once we have merged your pull request, you can safely delete your local feature/bugfix branch. To do so, you must first checkout a different branch.
git checkout master # switch to a different branch git branch -d fix-bcfg2-info # delete your local copy of fix-bcfg2-info git push origin :fix-bcfg2-info # delete fix-bcfg2-info from github
The following lists the steps needed to use git’s facilities for emailing patches to the mailing list.
For example, let’s say we want to fix a big in bcfg2-info. For the 1.2.x series.
git clone https://github.com/Bcfg2/bcfg2.git git checkout maint-1.2 # make changes git add src/sbin/bcfg2-info git commit -m "Fix bcfg2-info bug"
If you would like to use the GMail SMTP server, you can add the following to your ~/.gitconfig file as per the git-send-email(1) manpage.
[sendemail] smtpencryption = tls smtpserver = smtp.gmail.com smtpuser = email@example.com smtpserverport = 587
Use git to create patches formatted for email with the following.
git format-patch --cover-letter -M origin/maint-1.2 -o outgoing/